Being Cognition Compared to Deficiency Cognition

 

B-COGNITION

1. Seen as whole, as complete, self-sufficient, as unitary. Either Cosmic Consciousness (Bucks), in which whole cosmos is perceived as single thing with oneself belonging in it; or else the person, object, or portion of the world seen is seen as if it were the whole world, i.e., rest of world is forgotten. Integrative perceiving of unities. Unity of the world or object perceived.

            D-COGNITION

            1. Seen as part, as incomplete, not self-sufficient, as dependent upon other things.

 

B-COGNITION

2. Exclusively, fully narrowly attended to; absorption, fascination, focal attention; total attention. Tends to de-differentiate figure and ground. Richness of detail; seen from many sides. Seen with "care," totally, intensely, with complete investment. Totally cathected. Relative importance becomes unimportant; all aspects equally important.

            D-COGNITION

2. Attended to with simultaneous attention to all cause that is relevant. Sharp figure ground differentiation. Seen imbedded in relationships to all else in world,as part of the world. Rubricized; seen from some aspects only; selective attention and selective inattention to some aspects; seen casually, seen only from some point of view.

 

B-COGNITION

3. No comparing (in Dorothy Lee's sense). Seen per se, in itself, by itself. Not in competition with anything Else. Sole member of the class (in Hartman's sense).

            D-COGNITION

3. Placing on a continuum or within a series; comparing, judging, evaluating. Seen as a member of a class, as an instance, a sample.

 

B-COGNITION

4. Human-irrelevant.

            D-COGNITION

4. Relevant to human concerns; e.g., what good is it, what can it be used for, is it good for or dangerous to people, etc.

 

B-COGNITION

5. Made richer by repeated experiencing. More and more perceived. "Intra-object richness."

            D-COGNITION

5. Repeated experiencing impoverishes, reduces richness, makes it less interesting and attractive, takes away its demand-character. Familiarization leads to boredom.

 

B-COGNITION

6. Seen as unneeded, as purposeless, as not desired, as unmotivated perceiving. Perceived as if it had no reference to the needs of the perceiver. Can therefore be seen as independent, in its own right.

            D-COGNITION

            6. Motivated perceiving. Object seen as need-gratifier, as useful or not useful.

 

B-COGNITION

7. Object-centering. Self-forgetful, ego-transcending, unselfish, disinterested. Therefore, it-centered. Identification and fusion of perceiver and perceived. So absorbed and poured into the experience that self disappears, so that whole experience can be organized around the object itself as a centering point or organizing point. Object uncontaminated and unconfused with self.

Abnegation of the perceiver.

            D-COGNITION

7. Organized around ego as a centering point, which means projection of the ego into the per- ception. Perception not of the object alone but of the object mixed-with-self-of-the-perceiver. 

 

B-COGNITION

8. The object is permitted to be itself. Humble, receptive, passive, choiceness, undemanding. Taoistic, noninterference with the object or percept. “Let be” acceptance.

            D-COGNITION

            8. Active shaping, organizing, and selecting by the perceiver. He shifts it,             rearranges it. He works at it. This must be more fatiguing than B-cognizing, which probably is fatigue-curing.

Trying, striving, effort. Will, control.

 

B-COGNITION

9. Seen as end in itself, self-validating. Self-justifying. Intrinsically interesting for its own sake. Has intrinsic value.

            D-COGNITION

9. A means, an instrument, not having self-contained worth but having only exchange value, or standing for something else, or a ticket to some other place.

 

B-COGNITION

10. Outside of time and space. Seen as eternal, universal. "A minute is a day; a day is a minute." Disorientation of perceiver in time and space, not conscious of surroundings. Percept not related to surroundings. Ahistorical.

            D-COGNITION

            10. In time and space. Temporal. Local. Seen in history, and in the physical world.

 

B-COGNITION  

11. The characteristics of Being are perceived as Values of Being.

            D-COGNITION

11. D-Values are means-values, i.e., usefulness, desirability-undesirability, suitability for a purpose. Evaluations, comparisons, condemnations, approvals, or disapprovals, judgments upon.

 

B-COGNITION

12. Absolute (because timeless and spaceless, because detached from the ground, because taken per se, because rest of world and history all forgotten). This is compatible with the perception of process and shifting, alive organizations within the perception-but it is strictly within the perception.

D-COGNITION

12. Relative to history, to culture, to characterology, to local values, to the             interests and needs of man. It is-felt to be passing. Depends on man for its reality; if man were to disappear, it would disappear. Shifting from one syndrome to another as a whole, i.e., it is now a bit in this syndrome, now a bit in that syndrome.

 

B-COGNITION

13. Resolution of dichotomies, polarities, conflicts. Inconsistencies seen to exist simultaneously and to be sensible and necessary, i.e., to be seen as a higher unity or integration, or under a superordinate whole.

            D-COGNITION

13. Aristotelian logic, i.e. separate things seen as dissected and cut off and quite different from each other, mutually exclusive, often with antagonistic interests.

 

B-COGNITION

14. Concretely (and abstractly) perceived. All aspects at once. Therefore ineffable (to ordinary language); describable if at all, by poetry, art, etc., but even this will make sense only to bee who has already had same experience. Essentially aesthetic experience (in Northrop's sense). Nonchoosing preferring or selecting. Seen in its muchness (different from the concrete perception of young children, of primitive adults, or of brain-injured people because it coexists with abstract ability).

            D-COGNITION

            14. Only abstract, categorized diagrammatic, rubricized, schematized. Classifying.             Reduction to the abstract."

 

B-COGNITION

15. The idiographic object; the concrete, unique instance. Classification impossible (except for abstracted aspects) because sole member of its class.

            D-COGNITION            15. Nomothetic, general, statistical lawfulness.

 

B-COGNITION

16. Increase of dynamic isomorphism between inner and outer worlds. As the essential Being of the world is perceived by the person, so also does he concurrently come closer to his own Being; and vice versa.

            D-COGNITION            16. Decreased isomorphism.

 

B-COGNITION

17. Object often perceived as sacred, holy, every special." It demands" or Calls for" awe, reverence, piety, wonder.

            D-COGNITION

            17. Object Normal," everyday, ordinary, familiar, nothing special, Familiarized away."

 

B-COGNITION

18. World and self often (not always) seen as amusing, playful, comic, funny, absurd,  laughable; but also as poignant. Laughter (which is close to tears). Philosophical humor, humors. World, person, child, etc., seen as cute, absurd, charming, lovable. May produce mixed laughing-crying. Fusion of comic-tragic dichotomy.

            D-COGNITION

18. Lesser forms of humor, if seen at all. Serious things quite different from amusing things. Hostile humor, humorlessness. Solemnity.

 

B-COGNITION   

19. Noninterchangeable. Not replaceable. No one else will do.

            D-COGNITION

19. Interchangeable. Replaceable. Characteristics of Being-Cognition and Deficiency-Cognition of the World'